Hadith on Divorce in Anger | The Explanation You're Looking For

Hi all readers! Are you looking for an explanation of the hadith on divorce in anger? If your answer is “Yes”, congratulations! Now you are reading the right article. Why? Because that is what I will explain in this article. As Muslims, we must understand that. That's why I wrote this article. So, you should read it to the end! This is one of the important discussions about divorce in Islam.

Specifically, there are two hadiths on divorce in anger which I will explain in this article. The two hadiths that I mean and their explanations are as follows:

First Hadith on Divorce in Anger

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The first hadith on divorce in anger is the hadith narrated by Aisha bint Abu Bakr. She was one of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad. The hadith I mean is as follows:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ قَالَ : لَا طَلَاقَ وَلَا عَتَاقَ فِي إِغْلَاقٍ

From Aisha radliyallahu anha, that the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, "There is no divorce and freeing (freeing slaves) in a closed state."

All readers! That is the first hadith on divorce in anger that we must understand. There is one important thing about the hadith that I want to explain here, that there is a difference of opinion about the meaning of the phrase "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" in the hadith:

  1. Ash-Shafi'i, Masruq, Ahmad, Abu Daud, al-Qadli Ismail explained that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is anger. So, divorce is invalid in a state of anger.
  2. Some Islamic jurists explain that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is madness. So, divorce is illegitimate in a crazy state.
  3. Several other Islamic legal experts explain that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is forced. So, divorce is not valid in a state of necessity.

If we understand the three explanations above, we can conclude that the majority of Islamic jurists are of the opinion that what is meant by "in a closed state (إِغْلَاقٍ)" is anger. So, divorce is invalid in a state of anger. So, in general, we can say that “you can give a divorce in anger”.

But there are differences of opinion about the anger that can make a divorce valid and invalid:

  1. If a husband is very angry and he does not understand what is being said, then divorce is invalid in such anger.
  2. If a husband is very angry and he understands what is being said, then divorce is legal in such anger.
  3. If a husband is very angry but he is still conscious, if he gives a divorce in such anger, then the chances of a valid divorce are greater.

That is a brief explanation of the first hadith on divorce in anger narrated by Aisha bin Abu Bakr". As Muslims, we must understand that.

Second Hadith on Divorce in Anger

The second hadith on divorce in anger is the hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah. He was one of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad. The hadith I mean is as follows:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ : كُلُّ الطَّلاَقِ جَائِزٌ إِلاَّ الطَلاَقُ اْلمَعْلُوْبُ عَلَى عَقْلِهِ. رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَالْبُخَارِيُّ

From Abu Hurairah, from and the Prophet (Muhammad) sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, "Every divorce (given by the husband) is valid, except the divorce (given by the husband) which is closed in his mind." The hadith was narrated by at-Turmudhi and al-Bukhari.

All readers! That is the second hadith on divorce in anger that we must understand. If we have understood that, then we can conclude that all divorces given by a husband to his wife are valid, except for divorces given in anger.

That is a brief explanation of the hadith on divorce in anger. Do you understand? If you want to ask, please ask!

I think that's enough for this article. Hope it is useful. Amen.

See you again in the next article!

Akhmad Syafiuddin
Akhmad Syafiuddin Muslim. Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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