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Singing Songs Break Wudu | The Explanation You're Looking For

Singing Songs Break Wudu: Are You Sure?

Singing is singing a voice with notes. Some people make it a hobby and a job. I think there are some Muslims who are like that. That's why it's not uncommon for us to see a lot of Muslim singers. One question about it then arises: does singing song break wudu? This question is very logical because as Muslims, they have several obligations that they must perform in a holy condition or have wudu. That's why they have to understand all the things that can break wudu.

Whatever your reason for opening this article, I am sure you are looking for an explanation of the effect of singing on wudu. I'm not going to let you down today because that's what I'm going to explain in this article. So, I hope you have a good read of this article.

Is It Sinful If You Sing in Islam?

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Hi! First of all, I will explain the answer to a basic question on this topic that you should understand well: is it sinful if you sing in Islam? There is much debate among Islamic law experts about it. That's why there are some Muslims who are still wondering about the legality of singing in Islam: halal or haram.

Before I explain the answer to this question, I would like to say that the different opinions of Islamic law experts regarding the legality of singing in Islam are due to the notion that singing is a waste. They think that doing useless things is a sin. They use the following verses of the Quran as the basis for their argument:

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَّشْتَرِيْ لَهْوَ الْحَدِيْثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَنْ سَبِيْلِ اللّٰهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍۖ وَّيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًاۗ اُولٰۤىِٕكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِيْنٌ

And of the people is he who buys the amusement of speech to mislead [others] from the way of Allah without knowledge and who takes it in ridicule. Those will have a humiliating punishment. (Luqman [31]: 6).

In addition to the verses of the Quran above, they consider singing a song to include وَالْمَعَازِفَ which is in the hadith below:

لَيَكُوْنَنَّ مِنْ أُمَّتِيْ أَقْوَامٌ ، يَسْتَحِلُّوْنَ الْحِرَ وَالْحَرِيْرَ، وَالْخَمْرَ وَالْمَعَازِفَ

Indeed, there will be some of my Ummah who will justify zina, silk, liquor (al-Khamr), and musical instruments.

Meanwhile, several other Islamic law experts say that singing is permissible in Islam based on the hadith below:

عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ مَرَّ بِحَسَّانٍ يُنْشِدُ فِيْ الْمَسْجِدِ فَلَحَظَ إِلَيْهِ ، فَقَالَ ؛ قَدْ كُنْتُ أُنْشِدُ فِيْهِ ، وَفِيْهِ مَنْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْكَ . مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ 

From Abu Hurairah radliyallaahu anhu, that Umar radliyallahu anhu met Hassan who was developing (poetry) in the mosque. He then looked at Hassan with a denying view. Hassan then said, "I have developed (poetry) in it (mosque). In it there is someone who is better than you. "The hadith is narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Now, how do we address the differences of opinion about the legality of singing in Islam?

In fact, the main issue in discussing the legality of singing in Islam is that if someone sings, they can forget Islamic laws. There is a very big concern that if someone sings, he will commit violations of Islamic laws, such as getting drunk, fighting, saying dirty words, and so on.

Now, is it sinful if you sing in Islam?

For me, the answer to the question is as follows:

  • If singing causes someone to violate Islamic laws, then singing is not permissible.
  • If singing does not cause someone to violate Islamic laws, then singing is permissible.

Singing Song Break Wudu: Are You Sure?

Now I will explain the main topic in this discussion. Singing song break wudu: are you sure? I hope you read the explanation below very well so that there are no more questions about it after you read this article—but if you still have other questions, please write them in the comment column. I am very happy to be in dialogue with you.

Before I explain the answer to that question, it's better if I explain things that can break wudu. It seems to me that an understanding of it all would really help you to understand the answers very well.

What Breaks Wudu?

Not all Muslims understand things that can break wudu. If you read some Islamic legal literature regarding wudu, you will find an explanation that there are five things that can break wudu:

  • Something coming out of two private holes.

By two private ports I mean front and rear ports. Generally, something that comes out of the front hole and back hole is urine, blood, feces, and so on. So, everything that comes out of the two private holes can break wudu.

You can find this explanation in the verses of the Quran and hadith below:

يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اِذَا قُمْتُمْ اِلَى الصَّلٰوةِ فَاغْسِلُوْا وُجُوْهَكُمْ وَاَيْدِيَكُمْ اِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوْا بِرُءُوْسِكُمْ وَاَرْجُلَكُمْ اِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوْاۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَّرْضٰٓى اَوْ عَلٰى سَفَرٍ اَوْ جَاۤءَ اَحَدٌ مِّنْكُمْ مِّنَ الْغَاۤىِٕطِ اَوْ لٰمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاۤءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوْا مَاۤءً فَتَيَمَّمُوْا صَعِيْدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوْا بِوُجُوْهِكُمْ وَاَيْدِيْكُمْ مِّنْهُ ۗمَا يُرِيْدُ اللّٰهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَّلٰكِنْ يُّرِيْدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهٗ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُوْنَ

O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulties for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you so that you may be grateful. (Al-Maidah: 6).

عَنْ أَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قاَلَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا وَجَدَ أَحَدُكُمْ فِيْ بَطْنِهِ شَيْئًا فَأَشْكَلَ عَلَيْهِ أَخَرَجَ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ أَمْ لَا ؟ فَلَا يَخْرُجَنَّ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ حَتَّى يَسْمَعَ صَوْتًا أَوْ يَجِدَ رِيْحًا . أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ

From Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu, he said, "The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, "If one of you finds something in his stomach, then he doubts whether something has come out of him or not? So, he is not allowed to leave the mosque until he hears a sound or smells an aroma." This hadith was narrated by Muslim.

عَنْ عَلِيٍّ بْنِ طَلْقٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : إِذَا فَسَا أَحَدُكُمْ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلْيَنْصَرِفْ وَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ وَلْيُعِدْ الصَّلَاةَ . رَوَاهُ الْخَمْسَةَ

From Ali bin Thalq radliyallahu anhu, he said, "The Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) has said, "If one of you has emitted a soundless wind from his anus while praying (salat), then let him go out and perform wudu, then repeat the prayer (salat)." The hadith was narrated by five people (Ahmad, Abu Daud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah).

  • Loss of consciousness due to sleep, madness, and so on.

If you lose consciousness due to sleep, fainting, madness, drunkenness, etc., then your wudu is broken. You can find this explanation in the hadith below:

عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : الْعَيْنُ وِكَاءُ السَّهِ فَإِذَا نَامَتِ الْعَيْنَانِ اِسْتَطْلَقَ الْوِكَاءُ . رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ وَالطَّبْرَانِيُّ وَزَادَ : وَ مَنْ نَامَ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ 

From Mu'awiyah radiyallahu anhu, he said, "The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, "The eye is the anal cord. If two eyes have slept then the string will be untied." The hadith was narrated by Ahmad and ath-Thabrani. He (ath-Thabrani) added (the hadith editor), "Whoever has been sleeping, let him perform wudu."

  • If the skin of a man and a woman who is not a mahram touch without a barrier.

If you are a man, then your mahram women are your mother, your daughters, your sisters, your paternal and maternal aunts, your brothers and sisters daughters, and women who have breastfed you. Women other than them are not your mahram. If your skin touches their skin without any barrier, then your wudu and their wudu is broken. You can find this explanation in the verses of the Quran below:

يٰٓاَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اِذَا قُمْتُمْ اِلَى الصَّلٰوةِ فَاغْسِلُوْا وُجُوْهَكُمْ وَاَيْدِيَكُمْ اِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوْا بِرُءُوْسِكُمْ وَاَرْجُلَكُمْ اِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوْاۗ وَاِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَّرْضٰٓى اَوْ عَلٰى سَفَرٍ اَوْ جَاۤءَ اَحَدٌ مِّنْكُمْ مِّنَ الْغَاۤىِٕطِ اَوْ لٰمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاۤءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوْا مَاۤءً فَتَيَمَّمُوْا صَعِيْدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوْا بِوُجُوْهِكُمْ وَاَيْدِيْكُمْ مِّنْهُ ۗمَا يُرِيْدُ اللّٰهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَّلٰكِنْ يُّرِيْدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهٗ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُوْنَ

O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful. (Al-Maidah: 6).

  • Touching other people's vital organs (front or back) using the palm of the hand or the inside of the finger.

In fact, there is a difference of opinion among Islamic jurists about the effect of touching the vital organs on wudu. Some Islamic jurists say that it can break wudu. But some other Islamic law experts say that it cannot break wudu.

If you want to know the basis for the arguments of Islamic jurists who say that touching the vital organs can break wudu, pay attention to the hadith below:

عَنْ بُسْرَةَ بِنْتِ صَفْوَانٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا ، أَنَّهَا سَمِعَتْ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُوْلُ : مَنْ مَسَّ ذَكَرَهُ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ

From Busrah bint Shafwan, that he once heard the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam say, "Whoever has touched his penis, he must perform wudu."

  • Vomiting and nosebleeds.

If you are vomiting or your nose is bleeding (nosebleed), your wudu is broken. You can find this explanation in the hadith below:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهَا أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : مَنْ أَصَابَهُ قَيْءٌ , أَوْ رُعَافٌ , أَوْ قَلَسٌ , أَوْ مَذْيٌ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ , ثُمَّ لْيَبْنِ عَلَى صَلَاتِهِ وَهُوَ لَا يَتَكَلَّمُ . أَخْرَجَهُ اِبْنُ مَاجَهْ 

From Aisha radiyallahu anha, that the Messenger of Allah (Prophet Muhammad) sallallahu alaihi wa sallam has said, "Whoever is exposed to vomiting, nosebleeds (blood coming from the nose), qalas (fluid that comes from the throat that fills the mouth or other things but it is not vomit) or madhiy, then he should perform wudu and then continue his prayer as long as he does not speak." This hadith was narrated by Ibn Majah.

Those are five things that can break wudu. You have to understand all of this very well so that you can understand the main topics in this discussion well.

Now, does singing break wudu? The answer is “No. Singing is not one of the things that break wudu.”

You have a question? Please write in the comment column!

Akhmad Syafiuddin
Akhmad Syafiuddin Muslim. Graduate of Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

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